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WRAML-2

Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition (WRAML2)

The Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning, Second Edition (WRAML2) is an important neuropsychological test of memory functions.

Benefit: Provides an integrated set of memory tests that can be used across the life span
Ages / Grade: 5 to 90 years
Administration Time: Less than 60 minutes for core battery; 10 to 15 minutes for Memory Screening Form
Format: Individually administered memory, delayed recall, and recognition tasks
Scores: Index and subtest scores that can be converted to standard scores and percentiles for age-based performance comparisons 
by David Sheslow, Ph.D. and Wayne Adams, Ph.D. 

This test makes it easier to assess memory functions in children, adolescents, and--with this edition--adults as well. The WRAML2 gives clinicians a single, integrated collection of relevant memory tests that can be used across the life span.

Appropriate for individuals from 5 through 90 years of age, the WRAML core battery produces a General Memory Index, plus three more specific index scores and six subtest scores:

Verbal Memory Index
  • Verbal Learning Subtest
  • Story Memory Subtest
Visual Memory Index
  • Design Memory Subtest
  • Picture Memory Subtest
Attention and Concentration Index
  • Number/Letter Subtest
  • Finger/Windows Subtest
Several subtests from the original WRAML are now optional (e.g., Sentence Memory) or limited to a specific age group (e.g., Sound-Symbol for 5- through 8-year-olds).

The WRAML2 also adds supplementary subtests and indexes that reflect current interests in working memory and rapid memory decline:

Working Memory Index
  • Verbal Working Memory Subtest
  • Symbolic Working Memory Subtest
Delayed Memory Measures
  • Recall
  • Story Memory Delayed Recall
  • Verbal Learning Delayed Recall
Recognition

  • Story Memory Recognition
  • Picture Memory Delayed Recognition
  • Verbal Learning Recognition
  • Design Memory Recognition


The delayed recall tasks can provide critical information about rapid decay of memory, an important indicator of possible dementia.

All of the subtest and index scores can be converted to standard scores and percentiles for age-based performance comparisons. The core battery can be individually administered in well under an hour, and a Memory Screening Form, composed of four subtests, requires just 10 to 15 minutes, yet correlates highly with the full test.

Given the important part that memory plays in academic success, WRAML2 is highly useful in evaluating learning and school-related problems. It can clarify the role of memory deficits in learning disabilities and attention disorders. WRAML2 is also an excellent tool for assessing memory impairment following head injury.